A Comprehensive Review on Biopolymer Mediated Nanomaterial Composites and Their Applications in Electrochemical Sensors

Mugashini Vasudevan, Veeradasan Perumal, Saravanan Karuppanan, Mark Ovinis, Pandian Bothi Raja, Subash C. B. Gopinath, Thomas Nesakumar Jebakumar Immanuel Edison

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (SciVal)

    Abstract

    Biopolymers are an attractive green alternative to conventional polymers, owing to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability. However, their amorphous and nonconductive nature limits their potential as active biosensor material/substrate. To enhance their bio-analytical performance, biopolymers are combined with conductive materials to improve their physical and chemical characteristics. We review the main advances in the field of electrochemical biosensors, specifically the structure, approach, and application of biopolymers, as well as their conjugation with conductive nanomaterials, polymers, and metal oxides in green-based non-invasive analytical biosensors. In addition, we reviewed signal measurement, substrate bio-functionality, biochemical reaction, sensitivity, and limit of detection (LOD) of different biopolymers on various transducers. To date, pectin biopolymer, when conjugated with either gold nanoparticles, polypyrrole, reduced graphene oxide, or multiwall carbon nanotubes forming nanocomposites on glass carbon electrode transducer, tends to give the best LOD, highest sensitivity, and can detect multiple analytes/targets. This review will spur new possibilities for the use of biosensors for medical diagnostic tests.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalCritical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 26 Oct 2022

    Keywords

    • Biopolymers
    • high-performance detection
    • nanosensors
    • sensing elements

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