California's Civil Grand Juries and Prison Conditions 2007-17

Anne Richardson-Oakes, Nkem Adeleye, J. Killingley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    In this paper we evaluate the potential for California's so-called civil grand juries to detect substandard prison conditions and maltreatment of inmates and make recommendations for improvement. We describe relevant reports by grand juries between 2007-17 and evaluate the effectiveness of these in improving conditions in a representative sample of counties. We conclude that the civil grand jury is a potentially effective tool for oversight but its effectiveness is hampered by competing duties, variable investigative methodologies, and lack of clear objectives for performance of their statutory duties.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)609-674
    Number of pages66
    JournalSan Diego Law Review
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 28 Oct 2020


    • civil grand juries
    • prison reform
    • Californian prison conditions
    • inmate mistreatment


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