Confucianism values for transformational leadership development in the Chinese context

Balakrishnan Muniapan (Corresponding / Lead Author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Transformational leadership has received a great significance in the leadership literature during the past two decades. However, this research is dominated by Western traditions and scant attention is paid to Asian traditions. Therefore, in this paper, the authors explore the relevance of Confucianism, an Asian tradition, and its significance in transformational leadership development. For this purpose, the authors have selected the Analects, which provide the essence of Confucianism to explore the relevant transformational leadership concepts. This paper is based on hermeneutics, a qualitative research methodology that involves study, understanding and interpretation of ancient text. Confucianism provides an inside-out approach to transformational leadership development, which is self leadership first, before leadership of others. This inside-out perspective is also similar to other Asian traditions, such as ancient Indian wisdom. The prospects of analysis of Confucianism in other areas of leadership and management can be considered for future research.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalInternational Journal of Asian Business and Information Management
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 1 Jul 2010


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