Content-aware QoE Optimization in MEC-assisted Mobile Video Streaming

Waqas ur Rahman, Eui-nam Huh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (SciVal)

    Abstract

    The traditional client-based HTTP adaptation strategies do not explicitly coordinate between the clients, servers, and cellular networks. A lack of coordination leads to suboptimal user experience. In addition to optimizing Quality of Experience (QoE), other challenges in adapting HTTP adaptive streaming (HAS) to the cellular environment are overcoming unfair allocation of the video rate and inefficient utilization of the bandwidth under the high-dynamics cellular links. Furthermore, the majority of the adaptive strategies ignore important video content characteristics and HAS client information, such as segment duration, buffer size, and video duration, in the video quality selection process. In this paper, we present a content-aware hybrid multi-access edge computing (MEC)-assisted quality adaptation algorithm by taking advantage of the capabilities of edge cloud computing. The proposed algorithm exploits video content characteristics, HAS client settings, and application-layer information to jointly adapt the bitrates of multiple clients. We design separate strategies to optimize the performance of short and long duration videos. We then demonstrate the efficiency of our algorithm against client-based solutions as well as MEC-assisted algorithms. The proposed algorithm guarantees high QoE, equitably selects video rates for clients, and efficiently utilizes the bandwidth for both short and long duration videos. The results from our extensive experiments reveal that the proposed long video adaptation algorithm outperforms state-of-the-art algorithms, with improvements in average video rate, QoE, fairness, and bandwidth utilization of 0.4%-12.3%, 8%-65%, 3.3%-5.7%, and 60%-130%, respectively. Furthermore, when high bandwidth is available to competing clients, the proposed short video adaptation algorithm improves QoE by 11.1% compared to the long video adaptation algorithm.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalMultimedia Tools and Applications
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 4 Apr 2023

    Keywords

    • Mobile edge computing
    • HTTP-based video streaming
    • Adaptive streaming
    • Quality of experience
    • Streaming media

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