Energy and mobility conscious multipath routing scheme for route stability and load balancing in MANETs

Waheb A. Jabbar*, Mahamod Ismail, Rosdiadee Nordin

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    57 Citations (SciVal)


    Mobility and limited energy resources of nodes are the most critical attributes of Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs). The mobility of the nodes changes the network's topology in an unpredictable manner, which in turn, affects the stability of connected paths. In addition, it causes an excessive overhead traffic that leads to a higher energy consumption and degrades the performance of routing protocols. Therefore, a routing scheme in MANETs should comprise techniques that cope with challenges incurred by both the energy failures and node's mobility. In this paper, we proposed Multipath Battery and Mobility-Aware routing scheme (MBMA-OLSR) based on MP-OLSRv2. Specifically, the study exploits a Multi-Criteria Node Rank (MCNR) metric that comprises the residual battery energy and the speed of nodes. It aims to rank the stability of the links using a link assessment function and to select the most efficient and stable paths to the destination. Moreover, an Energy and Mobility Aware Multi-Point Relay (EMA-MPR) selection mechanism is introduced and utilized by the MBMA-OLSR to set the willingness of nodes to contribute as MPRs, for flooding topological information. We implemented the proposed scheme as an extension to the EXata network simulator. Benefits of the innovative scheme have been demonstrated and validated under various simulation scenarios based on different mobility parameters. The simulation results provided evidence of the effectiveness of our scheme, especially during the high mobility scenarios with heavy traffic load where it outperformed the conventional MP-OLSRv2 routing protocol in terms of QoS and energy related metrics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)245-271
    Number of pages27
    JournalSimulation Modelling Practice and Theory
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - Sept 2017


    The research was supported by Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP), Malaysia, under the grant scheme number RDU170309. The authors also would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr. Jiazi Yi of LIX (Laboratoired’ Informatique – Ecole Polytechnique) for valuable comments, reviews, and suggestions. The authors also are thankful to the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments which led to improvement of the manuscript.

    FundersFunder number
    Universiti Malaysia PahangRDU170309


      • Energy-Efficient
      • MANET
      • MBMA-OLSR
      • MP-OLSRv2
      • Mobility-Aware


      Dive into the research topics of 'Energy and mobility conscious multipath routing scheme for route stability and load balancing in MANETs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

      Cite this