Exploring the underpinning mechanisms of the proximity effect within a competitive food environment

Daniel Knowles*, Kyle Brown, Silvio Aldrovandi

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)94-102
    Number of pages9
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 1 Mar 2019


    Daniel Knowles (DK) is a PhD student under the supervision of Dr. Kyle Brown (KB) and Dr. Silvio Aldrovandi (SA). KB and SA are Senior Lecturers of Applied Psychology at Birmingham City University. DK planned the study, with revisions and feedback provided by KB and SA. The study was carried out by DK, with the manuscript drafted by DK under the supervision and feedback of KB and SA. Data analysis was carried out by DK. All authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript. This study was ethically approved by Birmingham City University Ethics Committee under the reference 063.17. Informed consent was attained from participants prior to each trial, with all data being kept anonymous and stored securely. The authors declare they have no competing interests. The first author (DK) is funded as PhD student at Birmingham City University. The Doctoral Research College had no part in designing the study, collecting or analysing data, or preparing the manuscript. This research did not receive any specific external grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    FundersFunder number
    Birmingham City University


      • Behaviour change
      • Competitive environment
      • Effort
      • Nudging
      • Proximity
      • Salience


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