Family Witnessed Resuscitation in the Emergency Department in a Low-Income Country

Patricia Banda, Chris Carter, Joy Notter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Cardiac arrest is often a sudden and traumatic event. Family witnessed resuscitation was first recommended by the American Heart Association over two decades ago, since then several global professional bodies have identified a range of potential benefits for relatives, however, it remains contentious. For nurses working in Emergency Departments (ED) in low-income countries, the evidence and experience of family witnessed resuscitation is limited. This article critically appraises the literature relating to the perceptions of medical professionals and critically ill patients with their families about communication, family presence and their involvement during resuscitation in the ED. Three themes relating to family witnessed resuscitation in the ED were identified by a focused literature search, these were: leadership and communication, limitation of policies and guidelines and relatives' views. The recommendations from this review will be used to develop emergency and trauma nursing practice guidelines in Zambia, a low-income country in sub-Saharan Africa.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)28-32
    Number of pages5
    JournalBritish Journal of Nursing
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 11 Jan 2024


    • Critical care nursing
    • Emergency department
    • Family-witnessed resuscitation
    • Resuscitation


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