Fingertip Video Dataset for Non-invasive Diagnosis of Anemia using ResNet-18 Classifier

Humera Sabir, Kifayat Ullah Khan, Omer Ishaq

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Hemoglobin is the iron containing protein in red blood cells which carries oxygen from lungs to rest of the body tissues.Accurate measurement of hemoglobin is essential for diagnosing anemia, a condition characterized by a deficiency of red blood cells. This measurement is particularly vital before initiating blood transfusions for thalassemia patients.Non-invasive estimation of hemoglobin levels can be achieved through photoplethysmography (PPG)-based methods.PPG is an optical method to measure blood volume changes in successive heart beats. PPG signals can be obtained from fingertip videos using a light source and a photodetector. Smartphone PPG utilizes a smartphone?s flashlight as a light source and its camera as a photodetector to acquire PPG signals, offering an affordable and portable point-of care tool. Despite the ubiquity of smartphones, signals from their cameras often contain noise, making feature selection from PPG characteristics challenging. While PPG-based methods are invaluable, the lack of real-world datasets poses a significant challenge in maximizing the benefits of PPG technology. In this paper, we introduce a dataset comprising 1-minute fingertip video recordings from 150 anemic patients, obtained using a smartphone?s camera. The dataset, publicly accessible for research purposes a, covers an age range of 6 months to 32 years, with diverse hemoglobin values (4.3 gm/dL - 12.4 gm/dL).Utilizing this dataset, we propose a deep learning-based technique employing the ResNet-18 architecture to estimate hemoglobin levels. This approach eliminates the need for manual feature extraction and selection from PPG signals, overcoming a limitation in existing smartphonePPG-based hemoglobin estimation systems. Our model achieves a hemoglobin level estimation with an RMSE of 0.81-1.39 when compared with the gold standard laboratory method, Complete Blood Count (CBC) test reports.In contrast, HemaApp, a state-ofthe-art research utilizing a machine learning-based classifier (SVM), yields an RMSE of 1.7 on our dataset. The accuracy and simplicity of our model position it as a promising alternative to existing non-invasive hemoglobin level estimation methods.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalIEEE Access
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 21 Apr 2024


    • PPG Signals
    • Fingertip video dataset
    • Hemoglobin Estimation
    • Non-Invasive
    • Computer Vision
    • Image Processing
    • Deep Learning


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