Internet of things enabled parking management system using long range wide area network for smart city

Waheb A. Jabbar*, Lu Yi Tiew, Nadiah Y. Ali Shah

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    5 Citations (SciVal)


    As the Internet of Things (IoT) evolves, it paves the way for vital smart city applications, with the Smart Parking Management System (SPMS) standing as a prime example. This research introduces a novel IoT-driven SPMS that leverages Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) technology, termed as IoT-SPMS-LoRaWAN, to surmount typical restrictions related to communication range, energy usage, and implementation cost seen in traditional systems. IoT-SPMS-LoRaWAN features intelligent sensing nodes that incorporate an Arduino UNO microcontroller and two sensors—a triaxial magnetic sensor and a waterproof ultrasonic sensor. These components collaboratively detect vehicle occupancy and transmit this data to the server via a LoRaWAN gateway. Notably, the integration of LoRa technology enables extensive network coverage and energy efficiency. Users are provided with real-time updates on parking availability via the accessible AllThingsTalk Maker graphical user interface. Additionally, the system operates independently, sustained by a solar-powered rechargeable battery. Practical testing of IoT-SPMS-LoRaWAN under various scenarios validates its merits in terms of functionality, ease of use, reliable data transmission, and precision. Its urban implementation is expected to alleviate traffic congestion, optimize parking utilization, and elevate awareness about available parking spaces among users. Primarily, this study enriches the realm of smart city solutions by enhancing the efficiency of parking management and user experience via IoT.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)82-98
    Number of pages17
    JournalInternet of Things and Cyber-Physical Systems
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - Jan 2024


    • LoRa
    • LoRaWAN
    • Parking management
    • Smart city
    • Smart parking
    • TTN


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