Memory strategies mediate the relationships between memory and judgment

Silvio Aldrovandi, Marie Poirier, Daniel Heussen, Peter Ayton

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


    In the literature, the nature of the relationships between
    memory processes and summary evaluations is still a debate.
    According to some theoretical approaches (e.g., “two-memory
    hypothesis”; Anderson, 1989) retrospective evaluations are
    based on the impression formed while attending to the to-beassessed stimuli (on-line judgment) – no functional
    dependence between information retrieval and judgment is
    implied. Conversely, several theories entail that judgment
    must depend, at least in part, on memory processes (e.g.,
    Dougherty, Gettys, & Ogden, 1999; Schwarz, 1998; Tversky
    & Kahneman, 1973). The present study contributes to this
    debate by addressing two important issues. First, it shows
    how more comprehensive memory measures than those used
    previously (e.g., Hastie & Park, 1986) are necessary in order
    to detect a relationship between memory and retrospective
    evaluations. Secondly, it demonstrates how memory strategies
    influence the relationship between memory and judgment.
    Participants recalled lists of words, after having assessed each
    of them for their pleasantness. Results showed a clear
    association between memory and judgment, which was
    mediated by the individual strategies participants used to
    recall the items.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    Number of pages2462
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 2009


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