The acculturation effect and eyewitness memory reports among migrants

Nkansah Anakwah, Robert Horselenberg, Lorraine Hope, Margaret Amankwah-Poku, Peter van Koppen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (SciVal)

    Abstract

    Purpose
    When people migrate to new cultures, they adapt to their new culture while at the same time retaining the norms of their original culture. The phenomenon whereby migrants adapt to the cultural norms of a host culture has been referred to as acculturation. Using a mock witness paradigm, we examined the acculturation effect in the eyewitness memory reports of sub-Saharan African migrants in Western Europe.

    Methods
    We sampled sub-Saharan African migrants in Western Europe, as well as sub-Saharan Africans living in Africa as a control group (total N = 107). The mock witnesses were shown stimuli scenes of crimes in African and Western European settings and provided free and cued recall reports about what they had seen.

    Results
    Central details were reported more than contextual details by both groups of sub-Saharan Africans. Relative to the control group of sub-Saharan Africans living in Africa, sub-Saharan African migrants in Western Europe provided more correct central details in free recall. The longer migrants had resided in Western Europe, the less collectivistic they become. Migrants also provided more elaborate reports the longer their duration of residence in Western Europe.

    Conclusion
    The findings of the current research suggest the new cultural environment of migrants impact their cultural norms, which may have implications for their eyewitness memory reports.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)237-256
    Number of pages20
    JournalLegal and Criminological Psychology
    Volume25
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 2020

    Keywords

    • Eyewitness memory
    • investigative interviewing
    • culture
    • Migration
    • Acculturation

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