The design and implementation of a wireless flood monitoring system

Yasir Hashim, Abdul Hafiz Bin Mohd Idzha, Waheb A. Jabbar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Citations (SciVal)


    Floods and excessive rainfall are unavoidablephenomena that can cause massive loss of people's lives anddestruction of infrastructure. The impact of floods on humanlives can be avoided by the Flood Monitoring Systems (FMS).There are many systems used in practice by disastermanagement agencies for monitoring flood levels. However,most of these systems are very costly and sophisticated to be usedand maintained. Most of the conventional floodgates in watercanals are manually-operated and suffer from the lack of realtime monitoring of water levels which might lead to overflow inthe canals and flash floods. Therefore, in this paper, we havedeveloped an innovative, cost-effective, and user-friendly waterlevel measurement system. The developed system exploitsultrasonic sensor with Arduino microcontroller to measure thewater level and identify the situation whether it is safe, cautiousor dangerous based on the predefined levels. The implementedprototype alerts individuals and/or authorities separately viaSMS using GSM module or Bluetooth. Our system has beentested as an individual unit and the results were very promising.It can monitor the water level accurately and show visual alertsusing a LED, in addition, it can send messages via Bluetooth andCellular networks. In the future, we are going to implementmultiple units of the developed system to work as a wirelessnetwork for flood monitoring.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7-11
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering
    Issue number3-2
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 2018


    This research work was supported by the University Malaysia Pahang (UMP) grant [RDU150360].

    FundersFunder number
    Universiti Malaysia PahangRDU150360


      • Arduino
      • Flood Monitoring System
      • Microcontroller


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