The global burden of cancer attributable to risk factors, 2010–19: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    345 Citations (SciVal)
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)563-591
    Number of pages29
    JournalThe Lancet
    Volume400
    Issue number10352
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 20 Aug 2022

    Funding

    We are grateful to the surveillance systems, including cancer registries, that generated and shared observed cancer burden data. S M Aljunid acknowledges the Department of Health Policy and Management, College of Public Health, Kuwait University for the approval and support to participate in this research project. H Ariffin acknowledges support from the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia (grant FRGS/1/2021/SKK0/UM/01/1). F Barra acknowledges support from Lega Italiana per la Lotta contro i Tumori - LILT - Bando 5 x 1000 anno 2019. L Belo and M Carvalho acknowledge the support from FCT in the scope of the project UIDP/04378/2020 and UIDB/04378/2020 of UCIBIO and the project LA/P/0140/2020 of i4HB. A J Cohen was supported by the Health Effects Institute, Boston, MA, USA. J Conde acknowledges financial support from the European Research Council - ERC Starting Grant 848325. V M Costa acknowledges her grant (SFRH/BHD/110001/2015), received by Portuguese national funds through Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT), IP, under the Norma Transitória DL57/2016/CP1334/CT0006. T C Ekundayo was supported by the African-German Network of Excellence in Science (AGNES), the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH). N Ghith acknowledges support from a grant from Novo Nordisk Foundation (NNF16OC0021856). J C Glasbey is support by a Doctoral Research Fellowship from the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR300175). V K Gupta and V B Gupta acknowledge funding support from National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Australia. C Herteliu, A Pana, and M Ausloos acknowledge partial support by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation, CNDS-UEFISCDI, project number PN-III-P4-ID-PCCF-2016-0084. C Herteliu is also partially supported by a grant of the Romanian Ministry of Research Innovation and Digitalization, MCID, project number ID-585-CTR-42-PFE-2021. S Hussain was supported from Operational Programme Research, Development and Education–Project, Postdoc2MUNI (number CZ.02.2.69/0.0/0.0/18_053/0016952). M Jakovljevic acknowledges partial support through the grant OI 175 014 of the Ministry of Education Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia. J H Kauppila acknowledges research grants from Sigrid Jusélius Foundation and the Finnish Cancer Foundation. M N Khatib acknowledges support from Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (deemed-to-be-university). Y J Kim was supported by the Research Management Centre, Xiamen University Malaysia [XMUMRF/2020-C6/ITCM/0004]. S L Koulmane Laxminarayana acknowledges institutional assistance by Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal. K Krishan is supported by the UGC Centre of Advanced Study (Phase II), awarded to the Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India. I Landires is a member of the Sistema Nacional de Investigación (SNI), which is supported by Panama's Secretaría Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (SENACYT). M-C Li was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (MOST 110-2314-B-003-001). G Liu acknowledges support from the CREATE Hope scientific fellowship from Lung Foundation Australia. J Liu acknowledges support from the National Natural Science Foundation (72122001). J A Loureiro was supported by Scientific Employment Stimulus (FCT; CEECINST/00049/2018). E Mathews is supported by a Clinical and Public Health Early Career Fellowship (grant number IA/CPHE/17/1/503345) from the DBT India Alliance/Wellcome Trust Department of Biotechnology, India Alliance (2018–2023). T J Meretoja was supported by an unrestricted grant from Cancer Foundation Finland sr. S Mohammed acknowledges a fellowship grant from Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, outside the submitted work. M Molokhia is supported by the National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Center at Guy's and St Thomas’ National Health Service Foundation Trust and King's College London. L Monasta received support from the Italian Ministry of Health at the Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste - Italy (RC 34/2017). U Mons is supported by the Marga and Walter Boll Foundation, Kerpen, Germany. M A Moosavi acknowledges the financial support of National Institute of Genetics Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB). J Musa acknowledges support from the NIH/FIC K43TW011416 for research-protected time for cervical cancer research and career development at University of Jos. V Nuñez-Samudio is a member of the Sistema Nacional de Investigación (SNI), which is supported by Panama's Secretaría Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (SENACYT). O O Odukoya acknowledges support by the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health under the award number K43TW010704 for research-protected time. The content is solely the responsibility of all the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. A S Oguntade acknowledges funding by a doctoral scholarship from the Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford (Oxford Population Health). J R Padubidri acknowledges Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal for their constant support in research collaborations. R G Pestell acknowledges support from NIH grant W81XWH1810605 Breast Cancer Research, Breakthrough Grant R21 CA235139-01. Z Z Piracha acknowledges the International Center of Medical Sciences Research (ICMSR), Islamabad (44000), Pakistan. R A Radhakrishnan acknowledges support from Wellcome Trust/DBT India Alliance - IA/CPHI/18/1/503927. U Saeed acknowledges the International Center of Medical Sciences Research (ICMSR), Islamabad, Pakistan. A M Samy acknowledges the support from Ain Shams University and the Egyptian Fulbright Mission Program. F Sha was supported by the Shenzhen Science and Technology Program (grant number KQTD20190929172835662). H R Shahsavari acknowledges the Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS) Research Council. A Shetty acknowledges Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal for all the academic support. D A S Silva acknowledges financing in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior—Brazil (CAPES)—Finance Code 001 a n d D A S Silva is supported in part by CNPq-Brazil (309589/2021-5). L M L R Silva was supported by project CENTRO-04-3559-FSE-000162, Fundo Social Europeu (FSE). Am Singh is supported by the International Graduate Research Scholarship, University of Tasmania. R Suliankatchi Abdulkader acknowledges support from ICMR—National Institute of Epidemiology. B Unnikrishnan acknowledges Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal. H Xiao acknowledges support from the Public Health Sciences Division of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. X Xu is supported by the University of New South Wales (Australia) Scientia Program. C Yu was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number 82173626) and Wuhan Medical Research Program of Joint Fund of Hubei Health Committee (grant number WJ2019H304). R Ancuceanu reports consulting fees from AbbVie; payment or honoraria for lectures, presentations, speakers’ bureaus, manuscript writing, or educational events from AbbVie, Sandoz, B Braun, and Laropharm; all outside the submitted work. J Conde reports grants or contracts from European Research Council Starting Grant (ERC-StG-2019-848325; funding of €1·5 million); patents planned, issued, or pending for functionalised nanoparticles and compositions for cancer treatment and methods (US application number 62/334538), and TRPV2 antagonists (US patent application 17/590,061); all outside the submitted work. S Das reports grants or contracts from a Department of Science and Technology Grant for COVID-19 research; support for attending meetings or travel through the American Society of Clinical Pathology Travel Grant (US$1500); leadership or fiduciary role in other board, society, committee or advocacy group, paid or unpaid, with the American Association of Clinical Chemistry CME Committee, Personalised Division Committee, and as a HEA Committee member; all outside the submitted work. T R Driscoll reports leadership or fiduciary role in other board, society, committee, or advocacy group, unpaid, as Chair of the Occupational and Environmental Cancer Committee of Cancer Council Australia, Chair of the Australian Mesothelioma Registry Expert Advisory Group for the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, and a member of the Research and Evaluation Committee of the Australian Safety and Eradication Agency, all outside the submitted work. H Elghazaly reports payment or honoraria for lectures, presentations, speakers bureaus, manuscript writing or educational events from Roche, BMS, Lilly, Pfizer, AstraZeneca, Janssen, MSD, Novartis, and Sandoz, all as personal payments; payment for expert testimony from Roche as personal payments; participation on a data safety monitoring board or advisory board for Roche, BMS, Lilly, Pfizer, AstraZeneca, Janssen, MSD, Novartis, Sandoz, including personal payments; all outside the submitted work. L M Force reports support for the present manuscript from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; grants or contracts from St Baldrick's Foundation, St Jude Children's Research Hospital, and National Institutes of Health (NIH) Loan Repayment Program; leadership or fiduciary role in other board, society, committee, or advocacy group, unpaid, with The Lancet Oncology International Advisory Board; all outside the submitted work. N Ghith reports their salary is covered by a grant from Novo Nordisk Foundation (NNF16OC0021856), outside the submitted work. C Herteliu reports grants from the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation, CNDS-UEFISCDI (PN-III-P4-ID-PCCF-2016-0084, Oct, 2018, to Sep, 2022; and PN-III-P2-2.1-SOL-2020-2-0351, June–Oct, 2020), outside the submitted work. K Innos reports support for the present manuscript from Estonian Research Council, grant number PRG722 as payment to their institution. N E Ismail reports leadership or fiduciary role in other board, society, committee, or advocacy group, unpaid, as a Council Member for the Malaysian Academy of Pharmacy, outside the submitted work. J J Jozwiak reports payment or honoraria for lectures, presentations, speakers bureaus, manuscript writing or educational events from Teva, Amgen, Synexus, Boehringer Ingelheim, ALAB Laboratories, Zentiva, all as personal payments outside the submitted work. M Klugar reports grants Czech-Norwegian Collaboration on Meta-Research and Critical Thinking Education in Healthcare (EHP-CZ-ICP-2-009), Evidence Implementation in Clinical Practice (2020-1-DE01-KA203-005669), Towards an International Network for Evidence-based Research in Clinical Health Research in the Czech Republic (LTC20031), and Strategic Partnership in Innovation and Development of Evidence-Based Healthcare (2019-1-CZ01-KA202-061350), all as payments to their institution; participation on a data safety monitoring board or advisory board as an unpaid member of Cochrane advisory board for Evidence Advocacy; other non-financial interest as Director of Cochrane, JBI and GRADE Centres of the Czech Republic; all outside the submitted work. K Krishan reports non-financial support from UGC Centre of Advanced Study, CAS II, Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India, outside the submitted work. J A Loureiro reports support for the present manuscript from Scientific Employment Stimulus (FCT; CEECINST/00049/2018) as support to their salary and from UIDB/00511/2020 of the LEPABE, funded by national funds through the FCT/MCTES (PIDDAC) as research support. M Mahmoudi reports other financial and non-financial interest with Academic Parity Movement, a non-profit organisation dedicated to addressing academic discrimination, violence, and incivility as co-founder and director, Partners in Global Wound Care as founding partner, and receiving royalties or honoraria for his published books, plenary lectures, and licensed patent, all outside the submitted work. A-F A Mentis reports grants or contracts from “MilkSafe: a novel pipeline to enrich formula milk using omics technologies”, a research cofinanced by the European Regional Development Fund of the European Union and Greek national funds through the Operational Program Competitiveness, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, under the call RESEARCH—CREATE—INNOVATE (project code T2EDK-02222), as well as from ELIDEK (Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovation, MIMS-860); stock or stock options in a family winery; other financial or non-financial interests as a scientific officer with BGI group; all outside the submitted work. S Mohammed reports support for the present manuscript from the Gates Foundation; a fellowship grant from Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, outside the submitted work. N Moka reports leadership or fiduciary role in other board, society, committee, or advocacy group, unpaid, with Kentucky Society of Clinical Oncology as treasurer, outside the submitted work. S B Munro reports stock or stock options in Invitae, and other financial or non-financial interests as an employee of Invitae, a genetics testing company. O O Odukoya reports support for the present manuscript from the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health under award number K43TW010704. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. R G Pestell reports support for the present manuscript from W81XWH1810605 Breast Cancer Research Breakthrough Grant and R21 CA235139-01. NIH grant; patents issued and pending in the area of cancer diagnostics and treatment; participation on a data safety monitoring board or advisory board as a member of the VGI Health Technology Scientific Advisory Board, Chair Scientific Advisory Board for MD Anderson, and Cancer Center Breast Cancer SPORE Program; leadership or fiduciary role in other board, society, committee or advocacy group, paid or unpaid, as Founder and CEO of biotechnology companies LightSeed, EcoGenome and StromaGenesis; stock or stock options in CytoDyn and VGI Health Technology; all outside the submitted work. M J Postma reports stock or stock options in Health-Ecore (25%) and Pharmacoeconomics Advice Groningen (100%) outside the submitted work. A Radfar and I Filip report other financial or non-financial interest with Avicenna Medical and Clinical Research Institute, outside the submitted work. T J Roberts reports support for attending meetings or travel from Conquer Cancer Foundation; leadership or fiduciary role in other board, society, committee or advocacy group, paid or unpaid, with Biocon Biologics; all outside the submitted work. S Shrestha reports other financial or non-financial interests in the School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia by receiving Graduate Research Merit Scholarship. L M L R Silva reports grants or contracts with the project code CENTRO-04-3559-FSE-000162, Fundo Social Europeu (FSE), outside the submitted work. J A Singh reports consulting fees from Crealta/Horizon, Medisys, Fidia, PK Med, Two Labs, Adept Field Solutions, Clinical Care options, Clearview healthcare partners, Putnam associates, Focus forward, Navigant consulting, Spherix, MedIQ, Jupiter Life, UBM, Trio Health, Medscape, WebMD, and Practice Point communications, and the National Institutes of Health and the American College of Rheumatology; payment or honoraria for participating in the speakers bureau for Simply Speaking; support for attending meetings or travel from the steering committee of OMERACT, to attend their meeting every 2 years; participation on a data safety monitoring board or advisory board as an unpaid member of the FDA Arthritis Advisory Committee; leadership or fiduciary role in other board, society, committee or advocacy group, paid or unpaid, as a member of the steering committee of OMERACT, an international organisation that develops measures for clinical trials and receives arms length funding from 12 pharmaceutical companies, with the Veterans Affairs Rheumatology Field Advisory Committee as Chair, and with the UAB Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group Satellite Center on Network Meta-analysis as a director and editor; stock or stock options in TPT Global Tech, Vaxart pharmaceuticals, Atyu Biopharma, Adaptimmune Therapeutics, GeoVax Labs, Pieris Pharmaceuticals, Enzolytics, Series Therapeutics, Tonix Pharmaceuticals, and Charlotte's Web Holdings and previously owned stock options in Amarin, Viking, and Moderna pharmaceuticals; all outside the submitted work. We are grateful to the surveillance systems, including cancer registries, that generated and shared observed cancer burden data. S M Aljunid acknowledges the Department of Health Policy and Management, College of Public Health, Kuwait University for the approval and support to participate in this research project. H Ariffin acknowledges support from the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia (grant FRGS/1/2021/SKK0/UM/01/1). F Barra acknowledges support from Lega Italiana per la Lotta contro i Tumori - LILT - Bando 5 x 1000 anno 2019. L Belo and M Carvalho acknowledge the support from FCT in the scope of the project UIDP/04378/2020 and UIDB/04378/2020 of UCIBIO and the project LA/P/0140/2020 of i4HB. A J Cohen was supported by the Health Effects Institute, Boston, MA, USA. J Conde acknowledges financial support from the European Research Council - ERC Starting Grant 848325. V M Costa acknowledges her grant (SFRH/BHD/110001/2015), received by Portuguese national funds through Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT), IP, under the Norma Transitória DL57/2016/CP1334/CT0006. T C Ekundayo was supported by the African-German Network of Excellence in Science (AGNES), the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH). N Ghith acknowledges support from a grant from Novo Nordisk Foundation (NNF16OC0021856). J C Glasbey is support by a Doctoral Research Fellowship from the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR300175). V K Gupta and V B Gupta acknowledge funding support from National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Australia. C Herteliu, A Pana, and M Ausloos acknowledge partial support by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation, CNDS-UEFISCDI, project number PN-III-P4-ID-PCCF-2016-0084. C Herteliu is also partially supported by a grant of the Romanian Ministry of Research Innovation and Digitalization, MCID, project number ID-585-CTR-42-PFE-2021. S Hussain was supported from Operational Programme Research, Development and Education–Project, Postdoc2MUNI (number CZ.02.2.69/0.0/0.0/18_053/0016952). M Jakovljevic acknowledges partial support through the grant OI 175 014 of the Ministry of Education Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia. J H Kauppila acknowledges research grants from Sigrid Jusélius Foundation and the Finnish Cancer Foundation. M N Khatib acknowledges support from Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (deemed-to-be-university). Y J Kim was supported by the Research Management Centre, Xiamen University Malaysia [XMUMRF/2020-C6/ITCM/0004]. S L Koulmane Laxminarayana acknowledges institutional assistance by Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal. K Krishan is supported by the UGC Centre of Advanced Study (Phase II), awarded to the Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India. I Landires is a member of the Sistema Nacional de Investigación (SNI), which is supported by Panama's Secretaría Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (SENACYT). M-C Li was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (MOST 110-2314-B-003-001). G Liu acknowledges support from the CREATE Hope scientific fellowship from Lung Foundation Australia. J Liu acknowledges support from the National Natural Science Foundation (72122001). J A Loureiro was supported by Scientific Employment Stimulus (FCT; CEECINST/00049/2018). E Mathews is supported by a Clinical and Public Health Early Career Fellowship (grant number IA/CPHE/17/1/503345) from the DBT India Alliance/Wellcome Trust Department of Biotechnology, India Alliance (2018–2023). T J Meretoja was supported by an unrestricted grant from Cancer Foundation Finland sr. S Mohammed acknowledges a fellowship grant from Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, outside the submitted work. M Molokhia is supported by the National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Center at Guy's and St Thomas’ National Health Service Foundation Trust and King's College London. L Monasta received support from the Italian Ministry of Health at the Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste - Italy (RC 34/2017). U Mons is supported by the Marga and Walter Boll Foundation, Kerpen, Germany. M A Moosavi acknowledges the financial support of National Institute of Genetics Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB). J Musa acknowledges support from the NIH/FIC K43TW011416 for research-protected time for cervical cancer research and career development at University of Jos. V Nuñez-Samudio is a member of the Sistema Nacional de Investigación (SNI), which is supported by Panama's Secretaría Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (SENACYT). O O Odukoya acknowledges support by the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health under the award number K43TW010704 for research-protected time. The content is solely the responsibility of all the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. A S Oguntade acknowledges funding by a doctoral scholarship from the Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford (Oxford Population Health). J R Padubidri acknowledges Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal for their constant support in research collaborations. R G Pestell acknowledges support from NIH grant W81XWH1810605 Breast Cancer Research, Breakthrough Grant R21 CA235139-01. Z Z Piracha acknowledges the International Center of Medical Sciences Research (ICMSR), Islamabad (44000), Pakistan. R A Radhakrishnan acknowledges support from Wellcome Trust/DBT India Alliance - IA/CPHI/18/1/503927. U Saeed acknowledges the International Center of Medical Sciences Research (ICMSR), Islamabad, Pakistan. A M Samy acknowledges the support from Ain Shams University and the Egyptian Fulbright Mission Program. F Sha was supported by the Shenzhen Science and Technology Program (grant number KQTD20190929172835662). H R Shahsavari acknowledges the Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS) Research Council. A Shetty acknowledges Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal for all the academic support. D A S Silva acknowledges financing in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior—Brazil (CAPES)—Finance Code 001 and D A S Silva is supported in part by CNPq-Brazil (309589/2021-5). L M L R Silva was supported by project CENTRO-04-3559-FSE-000162, Fundo Social Europeu (FSE). Am Singh is supported by the International Graduate Research Scholarship, University of Tasmania. R Suliankatchi Abdulkader acknowledges support from ICMR—National Institute of Epidemiology. B Unnikrishnan acknowledges Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal. H Xiao acknowledges support from the Public Health Sciences Division of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. X Xu is supported by the University of New South Wales (Australia) Scientia Program. C Yu was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number 82173626) and Wuhan Medical Research Program of Joint Fund of Hubei Health Committee (grant number WJ2019H304). Editorial note: The Lancet Group takes a neutral position with respect to territorial claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

    FundersFunder number
    CNDS-UEFISCDIPN-III-P2-2.1-SOL-2020-2-0351, PN-III-P4-ID-PCCF-2016-0084
    CREATET2EDK-02222
    DBT India Alliance/Wellcome Trust Department of Biotechnology, India Alliance
    Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences
    ELIDEK
    European Union and Greek national funds
    Guy's and St Thomas’ National Health Service Foundation Trust
    Hubei Health CommitteeWJ2019H304
    Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo GarofoloRC 34/2017
    International Center of Medical Sciences Research44000
    Lega Italiana per la LottaUIDB/04378/2020, UIDP/04378/2020
    National Institute of Epidemiology
    Nuffield Department of Population Health
    Operational Program Competitiveness, Entrepreneurship and Innovation
    Operational Programme Research, Development and EducationOI 175 014, CZ.02.2.69/0.0/0.0/18_053/0016952
    Public Health Sciences Division
    Research
    Romanian Ministry of Research Innovation and Digitalization
    Scientific Employment StimulusIA/CPHE/17/1/503345
    UGC Centre of Advanced Study
    University of Jos. V Nuñez-Samudio
    Xiamen University MalaysiaXMUMRF/2020-C6/ITCM/0004
    National Institutes of HealthK43TW010704
    Fogarty International CenterK43TW011416
    Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
    Health Effects Institute
    Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
    Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles
    Engineering Research CentersSFRH/BHD/110001/2015, 848325
    Ministerul Cercetării, Inovării şi DigitalizăriiID-585-CTR-42-PFE-2021
    Manipal Academy of Higher Education
    Chandigarh University
    Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
    National Institute for Health and Care ResearchNIHR300175
    King's College London
    University of OxfordR21 CA235139-01, W81XWH1810605
    European Research Council17/590,061, 62/334538, ERC-StG-2019-848325
    National Health and Medical Research Council
    University of Tasmania
    Indian Council of Medical Research
    University Grants Commission
    University of New South Wales
    National Natural Science Foundation of China82173626, 72122001
    Fundação para a Ciência e a TecnologiaCEECINST/00049/2018, DL57/2016/CP1334/CT0006
    Eesti TeadusagentuurPRG722
    Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior
    Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
    Ain Shams University
    Ministry of Higher Education, MalaysiaFRGS/1/2021/SKK0/UM/01/1
    Ministero della Salute
    Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e TecnológicoCENTRO-04-3559-FSE-000162, 309589/2021-5
    Kuwait University
    Ministarstvo Prosvete, Nauke i Tehnološkog Razvoja
    Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan110-2314-B-003-001
    European Social Fund
    Autoritatea Natională pentru Cercetare Stiintifică
    Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior
    Sigrid Juséliuksen Säätiö
    Syöpäjärjestöt
    National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
    Lung Foundation Australia
    Secretaría Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación
    Secretaria Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología
    Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences
    European Regional Development Fund
    The Wellcome Trust DBT India AllianceIA/CPHI/18/1/503927
    Novo Nordisk FondenNNF16OC0021856
    Syöpäsäätiö
    Science, Technology and Innovation Commission of Shenzhen MunicipalityKQTD20190929172835662
    Marga und Walter Boll-Stiftung
    Hellenic Foundation for Research and InnovationMIMS-860
    Sistema Nacional de Investigadores
    Applied Molecular Biosciences UnitLA/P/0140/2020
    Research Management Centre, International Islamic University Malaysia
    African-German Network of Excellence in Science
    National Institute for Health Research Southampton Biomedical Research Centre

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