Unlocking the potential: leveraging blockchain technology for agri-food supply chain performance and sustainability

Priyanka Vern*, Anupama Panghal (Corresponding / Lead Author), Rahul S. Mor, Vikas Kumar, Dilshad Sarwar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose – Blockchain technology (BCT) has emerged as a powerful tool for enhancing transparency and trust. However, the relationship between the benefits of BCT and agri-food supply chain performance (AFSCperf) remains underexplored. Therefore, the current study investigates the influence of BCT on AFSCperf and sustainability issues.
Design/methodology/approach – Through a comprehensive literature review, various benefits of BCT are identified. Subsequently, a research framework is proposed based on data collected from questionnaire surveys and personal visits to professionals in the agri-food industry. The proposed framework is validated using partial least square structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM).
Findings – The findings reveal that BCT positively impacts AFSCperf by improving traceability, transparency, food safety and quality, immutability, and trust. Additionally, BCT adoption enhances stakeholder collaboration, provides a decentralised network, improves data accessibility, and yields a better return on investment, resulting in the overall improvement in AFSCperf and socio-economic sustainability.
Practical implications – This study offers valuable practical insights for practitioners and academicians, establishing empirical links between the benefits of BCT and AFSCperf and providing a deeper understanding of BCT adoption.
Originality/value – Stakeholders, managers, policymakers, and technology providers can leverage these findings to optimise the benefits of BCT in enhancing AFSCperf. Moreover, it utilises rigorous theoretical and empirical approaches, drawing on a multidisciplinary perspective encompassing food operations and supply chain literature, public policy, information technology, strategy, organisational theory, and sustainability.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Logistics Management
Publication statusPublished (VoR) - 5 Apr 2024


  • Blockchain technology
  • Agri-food industry
  • Supply chain performance
  • Sustainability
  • Transparency
  • Traceability


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